Talking about the Differences in the Development of Garment Industry Clusters


Release time:

2019-02-20

There are many garment industry clusters in China, and there are large differences in development between clusters. At present, most garment industry clusters in China are still in the formation period and growth stage, and most of them use SMEs as the core competition group. During this period, the industrial cluster shoulders the dual tasks of survival and development, and the development issues facing it are more prominent.

There are many garment industry clusters in China, and there are large differences in development between clusters. At present, most garment industry clusters in China are still in the formation period and growth stage, and most of them use SMEs as the core competition group. During this period, the industrial cluster shoulders the dual tasks of survival and development, and the development issues facing it are more prominent. The main points are worth noting:
 
1. The role of the government
 
The government has played a pivotal role in the formation and development of the garment industry cluster. The government can create a good development environment for industrial clusters through administrative means, carry out infrastructure and public facilities construction, guide clusters and enterprises to develop in a benign direction, and maintain industrial security. However, the role and action of the government in the development of regional industries must be changed according to the changes in the development stage of industrial clusters. Otherwise, it may become an obstacle to the development of the cluster. In the early stage of cluster development, the government of the garment industry cluster pays attention to the short-term effect of attracting investment. However, the lack of long-term development strategic planning for the cluster makes the internal management of the cluster lack systemic. It lacks strategic considerations on how to optimize the cluster industrial structure and achieve industrial upgrading. When the industrial cluster develops gradually After maturity, the government still acts as a protective umbrella for local industries. Excessive intervention in the local economy has led to a decline in the willingness to innovate and innovation of regional industries. The tendency of internal conscious coordination mechanisms to be established and operated should be emphasized and reflected to fully reflect the government’s Guidance and service role in the development of industrial clusters. The government should encourage the development of intermediary organizations and service organizations, so that regional industry organizations become the backbone of the development of clusters.
 
2, the role of professional market
 
At present, more than half of the apparel industry clusters are generated and operated by relying on local or adjacent professional markets. This model can effectively reduce transaction costs, improve transaction efficiency, and even become one of the main drivers of the formation, development and growth of an industrial cluster. However, the market is also a double-edged sword. In the long run, it relies too much on market transactions. It often causes companies to become inert. They are unwilling, unwilling or unable to communicate effectively with the outside world, forming a self-enclosure, which leads to a decline in the ability of enterprises to acquire information and knowledge from outside. The stronger the dependence on the tangible market, the worse the adaptability of the enterprise to the intangible market, the lower the competitiveness of the enterprise under the conditions of full competition, and even the competitiveness of the entire cluster. In addition, relying too much on the same market, innovation is easy to spread and being copied, resulting in a decline in innovation benefits, thereby reducing the willingness of enterprises within the cluster to innovate, leading to a decline in the innovation capacity of this cluster. The market should continuously upgrade and innovate according to the historical stage of the development of the industrial clusters it serves, and enhance the market's “hematopoietic function” for brands and enterprises.
 
3. Cluster innovation ability
 
At present, some of China's garment industry clusters, especially those formed under spontaneous conditions, are similar in terms of scale, production and management capabilities, business operation mode, and main product varieties. These clusters quickly became famous in China with the help of local professional markets and cluster scale effects, and they showed a thriving scene at one time. However, it is not difficult to find that many such clusters and professional markets have begun to decline after a short period of glory. The root cause is that these clusters have lost their vitality due to lack of innovation in a rapidly changing market environment and competitive conditions.
 
Due to the similarity of enterprises between clusters, enterprises and enterprises are often trapped in the simple copying of the strange circle. In the process of selling similar products through the unified market, enterprises that rely solely on imitation without paying for innovation costs often It has an advantage in price, or can provide products with slightly lower market quality but extremely favorable price, thus occupying the advantage of market sales. The outcome of this imitation follower has disturbed the innovation order and has hit the innovation power of the enterprise. Innovation has become an extremely gradual process, resulting in the lack of cluster knowledge flow, the lack of new products, and the long-term clustering of the cluster at the lowest end of the value chain, until the loss of innovation and market competitiveness.
 
4. Rooting problems introduced by enterprises
 
“Investment attracting investment” is often one of the biggest tasks of the government in the early stage of cluster formation. However, the services of these foreign capitals and the rootedness of these capitals are not enough. Government performance is often linked to the introduction of funds, while the loss of funds is ignored. Creating a good environment for survival and development has a great bearing on the roots of enterprises. Some enterprises believe that transferring production bases often brings “insecurity” to enterprises. Can't be sure whether the areas to be visited can fulfill the preferential promises and policies when attracting investment. It has continuity and stability, whether there are “deception” phenomena in various administrative and non-administrative departments in the locality, and restricts the inflow of quality assets. Some companies that have already flowed into the cluster have been forced to “escape” due to repeated “difficulty” after entering the country.
 
5, the internal organic problems of the cluster
 
In the initial clusters, there is a lack of linkage between enterprises. Enterprises and enterprises are not in contact with each other. Some even have vicious competitions such as robbing customers, digging talents, copying new ones, and maliciously pressing prices, which makes the quality of the entire cluster decline, prices fall, and information is closed. Innovation enthusiasm declined.
 
Many intermediaries in the cluster are lacking, and there is no intermediary bridge. Enterprises, markets, service organizations, etc. in the cluster, such as scattered sand, cannot be organically combined and cannot communicate effectively with the outside world. The scale advantage of the cluster is weakened.
 
6. Construction of public service platform
 
At present, most industrial clusters have begun to build public service platforms. However, most of the platforms are limited to market construction and website construction. Some industrial clusters have also established testing institutions, and some have carried out external publicity work. But as a public service, these jobs are not enough. Public service platform projects that can conserve resources, reduce costs, and improve the efficiency of capital utilization should be invested in appropriate periods, such as centralized sewage disposal, third-party logistics systems, financing operations, road traffic improvement, etc. It is also necessary to promote regional brands. Different stages, different regions, and different performance clusters have different public platform construction. Each cluster should clarify the current development goals and carry out public relations service construction in a targeted manner.
 
7. Industry chain construction
 
A complete and long industrial chain can be said to be the decompression zone and windbreak forest of the terminal industry, which can reduce costs, enhance efficiency and prevent risks; the industrial chain is also the technical support force of the terminal industry. Simply developing a production cluster of a product variety and ignoring the construction of the industrial chain will increase procurement costs, reduce industrial flexibility and adaptability due to lack of basic support, and ultimately lose industrial competitiveness. If the industrial chain is too short, it will lead to industrial innovation capability. Declining, the value-added ability of industrial value declined. Facts have proved that the stronger the supporting ability of industrial clusters, the more tenacious. At present, China's garment industry clusters in the construction process, especially in the initial stage of industrial cluster construction, tend to emphasize the number of the main products of the cluster, technical equipment, production capacity, professional market construction and operation status, etc. The assessment is not strong enough.

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